Archive for the ‘Tomcat’ Category

How to configure Railo – Tomcat – Apache on MAC Lion Mountain 10.8

January 22, 2013 5 comments

Last week I updated my operating system from Snow Leopard  to Lion Mountain 10.8, system has upgraded itself.

Only two problems I faced:

1) Little Snitch got removed (V 2.2), I had to buy Licence for upgrade of version 3.02 – Lion cost me more 😦

2) I had ColdFusion 9.01, which stopped working as Lion upgrade had reinstalled Apache removed old httpd.conf and httpd-vhost.conf files (actually renamed them as httpd.conf~previous.

I tried to move virtual sites from old to new but it didn’t work.

Web Sharing option got removed from System Preference – To get it back I found this post which provides a tool to get it in Sys Pref under Other:

Explanation, good article to read: Restore Web Sharing in Mountain Lion 

Get the tool from here: WEB SHARING IN OS X MOUNTAIN LION

I made few changes to Apache config files, by default it uses web server document folder here:


I have changed this and few other settings in httpd.conf (/private/etc/apache2/)

1) Find ServerAdmin and change email address to yours one (around line no 153)

2) Find ServerName and change it to cfdev also add following in hosts file (/private/etc/) cfdev  (now you can get to your webserver by localhoost/ cfdev/

Make sure you uncomment this line (at line no 481) Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

3) create a folder sites or whatever name you waant to give at root level

4) Find DocumentRoot (line no 169) and change it to “/sites”

5) Find < Directory and change it with “/sites”

6) Open file httpd-vhost.conf from /private/etc/apache2/extra/

7) Uncomment NameVirtualHost *:80 (Line no 19)

8) Add following virtual host (default) site

<VirtualHost *:80>
DocumentRoot “/sites”
ServerName cfdev
DirectoryIndex index.html


9) Add / Create index.html in /sites folder as a place holder

10) sudo apachectl restart (to pick-up the changes

now open browser and browse http://cfdev or http://localhost and you should see your default web page

Railo Installation:

Download your railo installer from here

Scroll down and pick MacOS installer infront of Railo Server with Tomcat 7 title

Open it up and follow the default steps:

It will normally Install under this location and picks port 8080 – /Library/Railo/tomcat/

now if you browse http://localhost:8080/ you should see the tomcat page

1) Open web.xml from tomcat/conf folder

Add following at around line 422 (This will help if you use CFWheels frame-work


2) Open server.xml from tomcat/conf

3) go to line no 90 and un comment following:

<Connector port=”8009″ protocol=”AJP/1.3″ redirectPort=”8443″ />

This will help us to use apache server on port 80 to create virtual sites.

at around line 123 you will see default website for this Tomcat server

create a folder under /sites folder – which will be your first local site say – firstSite

inside the folder create index.cfm

now create a virtual site in server.xml like this: (above </Engine>)

<Host name=”” appBase=”webapps”
unpackWARs=”true” autoDeploy=”true”
xmlValidation=”false” xmlNamespaceAware=”false”>
<Context path=”” docBase=”/sites/firstSite”/>

save the file and restart the server (Tomcat):

4) open terminal window and go to /Library/Railo/tomcat/bin

run following command: sudo sh (to shutdown the server)

Now run this command to start it: sudo sh

5) add following in hosts file:

now browse and you will see your first site index.cfm running

6) open httpd.conf from /private/etc/apache2/

add following (Thanks to Anuj Gakhar this post)

<Proxy *>
Allow from

ProxyPreserveHost On
ProxyPassMatch ^/flex2gateway/(.*)$ ajp://localhost:8009/flex2gateway/$
ProxyPassMatch ^/messagebroker/(.*)$ ajp://localhost:8009/messagebroker/$1
ProxyPassMatch ^/(.+\.cf[cm])(/.*)?$ ajp://localhost:8009/$1$2

now open httpd-vhosts.conf from /apache2/extra/ folder and add virtual site (key to this set up is you need to add virtual site pointing to the same folder with same url under both servers)

DocumentRoot /sites/firstSite
DirectoryIndex index.cfm
<Directory “/sites/firstSite”>
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
Options +Indexes
ErrorLog firstsite.error.log
LogLevel warn

restart your apache server and

browse  and you should see your site running on port 80



How to find Tomcat version on MAC OS (Snow)

October 24, 2010 Leave a comment

Here are the steps to find which version you are running on your MAC OS (Snow – Leopard 10.6.4)

Open Terminal window

Locate your tomcat installation:

cd /usr/local/<tomcat dir>/bin <enter>

run following command:

sh <enter>

The above command will return following info:

Server version: Apache Tomcat/6.0.20
Server built:   May 14 2009 01:13:50
Server number:
OS Name:        Mac OS X
OS Version:     10.6.4
Architecture:   x86_64
JVM Version:    1.6.0_20-b02-279-10M3065
JVM Vendor:     Apple Inc.

The first line tells you which version you are running on your machine.

Categories: Apple/ MAC, Tomcat